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Dev Biol 2009 Dec 01;3361:20-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2009.09.019.
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Absence of heartbeat in the Xenopus tropicalis mutation muzak is caused by a nonsense mutation in cardiac myosin myh6.

Abu-Daya A , Sater AK , Wells DE , Mohun TJ , Zimmerman LB .

Mechanisms coupling heart function and cardiac morphogenesis can be accessed in lower vertebrate embryos that can survive to swimming tadpole stages on diffused oxygen. Forward genetic screens in Xenopus tropicalis have identified more than 80 mutations affecting diverse developmental processes, including cardiac morphogenesis and function. In the first positional cloning of a mutation in X. tropicalis, we show that non-contractile hearts in muzak (muz) embryos are caused by a premature stop codon in the cardiac myosin heavy chain gene myh6. The mutation deletes the coiled-coil domain responsible for polymerization into thick filaments, severely disrupting the cardiomyocyte cytoskeleton. Despite the lack of contractile activity and absence of a major structural protein, early stages of cardiac morphogenesis including looping and chamber formation are grossly normal. Muz hearts subsequently develop dilated chambers with compressed endocardium and fail to form identifiable cardiac valves and trabeculae.

PubMed ID: 19769958
PMC ID: PMC2786259
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis
Genes referenced: myh15 myh4 myh6 myh7 myh8
Antibodies: Myh6 Ab1
Lines/Strains: Morpholinos: ebf2 MO1 ebf3 MO1 myh6 MO2 myh6 MO3

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Armstrong, Heart valve development: endothelial cell signaling and differentiation. 2004, Pubmed