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J Cell Physiol 2006 Apr 01;2071:271-85. doi: 10.1002/jcp.20564.
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Oncogenic Met receptor induces cell-cycle progression in Xenopus oocytes independent of direct Grb2 and Shc binding or Mos synthesis, but requires phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and Raf signaling.

Mood K , Saucier C , Ishimura A , Bong YS , Lee HS , Park M , Daar IO .

Biological responses of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are mediated by the Met receptor tyrosine kinase. Although HGF is a potent mitogen for a variety of cells, the signals required for cell-cycle progression by the Met/HGF receptor are poorly defined. In this study, we have used the Xenopus oocyte system to define the role of various Met proximal-binding partners and downstream signaling pathways in cell-cycle regulation. We show that cell-cycle progression and activation of MAPK and JNK mediated by the oncogenic Met receptor, Tpr-Met, are dependent on its kinase activity and the presence of the twin phosphotyrosine (Y482 & Y489) residues in its C-terminus, but that the recruitment of Grb2 and Shc adaptor proteins is dispensable, implicating other signaling molecules. However, using Met receptor oncoproteins engineered to recruit specific signaling proteins, we demonstrate that recruitment of Grb2 or Shc adaptor proteins is sufficient to induce cell-cycle progression and activation of MAPK and JNK, while the binding of phospholipase-Cgamma or phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase alone fails to elicit these responses. Using various means to block phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phospholipase-Cgamma, MEK, JNK, Mos, and Raf1 activity, we show that unlike the fibroblast growth factor receptor, MEK-dependent and independent signaling contribute to Met receptor-mediated cell-cycle progression, but phospholipase-Cgamma or JNK activity and Mos synthesis are not critical. Notably, we demonstrate that Raf1 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling are required for cell-cycle progression initiated by the Met receptor, a protein frequently deregulated in human tumors.

PubMed ID: 16331688
Article link: J Cell Physiol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: grb2 hgf mapk1 mapk8 mos raf1 shc1 sia2 tpr