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J Biol Chem 2001 Jun 15;27624:20945-53. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M010528200.
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Biochemical identification of Xenopus Pumilio as a sequence-specific cyclin B1 mRNA-binding protein that physically interacts with a Nanos homolog, Xcat-2, and a cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein.

Nakahata S , Katsu Y , Mita K , Inoue K , Nagahama Y , Yamashita M .

Translational activation of dormant cyclin B1 mRNA stored in oocytes is a prerequisite for the initiation or promotion of oocyte maturation in many vertebrates. Using a monoclonal antibody against the domain highly homologous to that of Drosophila Pumilio, we have shown for the first time in any vertebrate that a homolog of Pumilio is expressed in Xenopus oocytes. This 137-kDa protein binds to the region including the sequence UGUA at nucleotides 1335-1338 in the 3'-untranslated region of cyclin B1 mRNA, which is close to but does not overlap the cytoplasmic polyadenylation elements (CPEs). Physical in vitro association of Xenopus Pumilio with a Xenopus homolog of Nanos (Xcat-2) was demonstrated by a protein pull-down assay. The results of immunoprecipitation experiments showed in vivo interaction between Xenopus Pumilio and CPE-binding protein (CPEB), a key regulator of translational repression and activation of mRNAs stored in oocytes. This evidence provides a new insight into the mechanism of translational regulation through the 3'-end of mRNA during oocyte maturation. These results also suggest the generality of the function of Pumilio as a translational regulator of dormant mRNAs in both invertebrates and vertebrates.

PubMed ID: 11283000
Article link: J Biol Chem

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ccnb1 nanos1 pum1
Antibodies: Cpeb1 Ab2 Pum1 Ab3