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Dev Biol 2001 Oct 01;2381:168-84. doi: 10.1006/dbio.2001.0398.
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Transgenic Xenopus embryos reveal that anterior neural development requires continued suppression of BMP signaling after gastrulation.

Hartley KO , Hardcastle Z , Friday RV , Amaya E , Papalopulu N .

In vertebrates, BMP signaling before gastrulation suppresses neural development. Later in development, BMP signaling specifies a dorsal and ventral fate in the forebrain and dorsal fate in the spinal cord. It is therefore possible that a change in the competence of the ectoderm to respond to BMP signaling occurs at some point in development. We report that exposure of the anterior neural plate to BMP4 before gastrulation causes suppression of all neural markers tested. To determine the effects of BMP4 after gastrulation, we misexpressed BMP4 using a Pax-6 promoter fragment in transgenic frog embryos and implanted beads soaked in BMP4 in the anterior neural plate. Suppression of most anterior neural markers was observed. We conclude that most neural genes continue to require suppression of BMP signaling into the neurula stages. Additionally, we report that BMP4 and BMP7 are abundantly expressed in the prechordal mesoderm of the neurula stage embryo. This poses the paradox of how the expression of most neural genes is maintained if they can be inhibited by BMP signaling. We show that at least one gene in the anterior neural plate suppresses the response of the ectoderm to BMP signaling. We propose that the suppressive effect of BMP signaling on the expression of neural genes coupled with localized suppressors of BMP signaling result in the fine-tuning of gene expression in the anterior neural plate.

PubMed ID: 11784002
Article link: Dev Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: bmp4 bmp7.1 bmp7.2 dlc dlx5 foxd1 foxg1 msx1 nrp1 otx2 pax6 rax sox3

Article Images: [+] show captions