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Mech Dev 2002 Mar 01;1121-2:37-51. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(01)00638-4.
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Overexpression of the secreted factor Mig30 expressed in the Spemann organizer impairs morphogenetic movements during Xenopus gastrulation.

Hayata T , Tanegashima K , Takahashi S , Sogame A , Asashima M .

The Spemann organizer secretes several antagonists of growth factors during gastrulation. We describe a novel secreted protein, Mig30, which is expressed in the anterior endomesoderm of the Spemann organizer. Mixer-inducible gene 30 (Mig30) was isolated as a target of Mixer, a homeobox gene required for endoderm development. The Mig30 gene encodes a secreted protein containing a cysteine-rich domain and an immunoglobulin-like domain that belongs to the insulin-like growth factor-binding protein family. Overexpression of Mig30 in the dorsal region results in the retardation of morphogenetic movements during gastrulation and leads to microcephalic embryos. Overexpression of Mig30 also inhibits activin-induced elongation of ectodermal explants without affecting gene expression patterns in mesoderm and endoderm. These results suggest that Mig30 is involved in the regulation of morphogenetic movements during gastrulation in the extracellular space of the Spemann organizer.

PubMed ID: 11850177
Article link: Mech Dev

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cer1 chrd crx frzb ins mig30 mixer odc1 rax robo1 shh sox17a tbxt

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