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Dev Dyn 2002 Sep 01;2251:22-34. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.10130.
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Expression and role of Roundabout-1 in embryonic Xenopus forebrain.

Connor RM , Key B .

The receptor Roundabout-1 (Robo1) and its ligand Slit are known to influence axon guidance and central nervous system (CNS) patterning in both vertebrate and nonvertebrate systems. Although Robo-Slit interactions mediate axon guidance in the Drosophila CNS, their role in establishing the early axon scaffold in the embryonic vertebrate brain remains unclear. We report here the identification and expression of a Xenopus Robo1 orthologue that is highly homologous to mammalian Robo1. By using overexpression studies and immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques, we have investigated the role of Robo1 in the development of a subset of neurons and axon tracts in the Xenopus forebrain. Robo1 is expressed in forebrain nuclei and in neuroepithelial cells underlying the main axon tracts. Misexpression of Robo1 led to aberrant development of axon tracts as well as the ectopic differentiation of forebrain neurons. These results implicate Robo1 in both neuronal differentiation and axon guidance in embryonic vertebrate forebrain.

PubMed ID: 12203717
Article link: Dev Dyn

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: noct robo1
Antibodies: Ncam1 Ab4 Tuba4b Ab11

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