Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
J Mol Cell Cardiol 2002 Oct 01;3410:1335-44. doi: 10.1006/jmcc.2002.2085.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

The basic-helix-loop-helix transcription factor HAND2 directly regulates transcription of the atrial naturetic peptide gene.

Thattaliyath BD , Firulli BA , Firulli AB .

The HAND basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH) transcription factors are essential for the development of heart and extra embryonic structures. Although essential for embryonic development, the molecular pathways in which HAND factors participate are poorly understood. In efforts to identify downstream transcriptional targets, we have determined that HAND2 regulates the transcription of the Atrial Naturetic Peptide (ANP) gene. Results show that ANP expression is reduced in HAND2 null mice. Transactivation assays show significant transcriptional upregulation of ANP by HAND2 and cotransfection experiments using HAND2 and E12 suggest that an E-protein/HAND heterodimer is the likely trans -acting complex. The required cis -elements reside within a 258bp proximal region that contains three evolutionarily conserved Ebox consensus sites. Surprisingly, mutations in these three sites suggest HAND2 activity is DNA-binding independent. In addition, HAND2 and the homeobox factor Nkx2.5 exhibit transcriptional synergy in the regulation of ANP. Taken together, this data shows that HAND2 is an upstream transcriptional regulator of ANP expression, and furthermore HAND2 can synergistically interact with Nkx2.5, showing a functional relationship between HAND2 and Nkx2.5 supporting the genetic observation, that mice null for both HAND2 and Nkx2.5 lack ventricle specification.

PubMed ID: 12392994
Article link: J Mol Cell Cardiol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: hand2 nkx2-5 nppa tcf3

References :
Miano, Cardiac-specific gene expression: a HANDful of factors. 2002, Pubmed