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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2002 Nov 26;9924:15782-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.242611099.
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Kidney-specific chloride channel, OmClC-K, predominantly expressed in the diluting segment of freshwater-adapted tilapia kidney.

Miyazaki H , Kaneko T , Uchida S , Sasaki S , Takei Y .

The kidney plays an important role in osmoregulation in freshwater teleosts, which are exposed to the danger of osmotic loss of Na(+) and Cl(-). However, ion-transport mechanisms in the kidney are poorly understood, and ion transporters of the fish nephron have not been identified thus far. From Mozambique tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus, we have cloned a chloride channel, which is a homologue of the mammalian kidney-specific chloride channel, ClC-K. The cDNA of the channel, named OmClC-K, encodes a protein whose amino acid sequence has high homology to Xenopus and mammalian ClC-K (Xenopus ClC-K, 41.8%; rat ClC-K2, 40.9%; rat ClC-K1, 40.1%). The mRNA of OmClC-K was expressed exclusively in the kidney, and the expression level of mRNA was increased more in freshwater-adapted fish than seawater-adapted fish. The immunohistochemical study using a specific antibody showed that OmClC-K-positive cells were specifically located in the distal nephron segments. Immunoelectron microscopy further showed that immunoreaction of OmClC-K was recognizable on the structure of basolateral membrane infoldings in the distal tubule cells. The localization of OmClC-K and its induction in hypoosmotic media suggest that OmClC-K is involved in Cl(-) reabsorption in the distal tubule of freshwater-adapted tilapia.

PubMed ID: 12427972
PMC ID: PMC137793
Article link: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: clcnkb

References [+] :
Adachi, Two isoforms of a chloride channel predominantly expressed in thick ascending limb of Henle's loop and collecting ducts of rat kidney. 1994, Pubmed, Xenbase