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Mol Immunol 2024 Jun 13;172:47-55. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2024.06.001.
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Identification and evolution of PDK-1-like involving lamprey innate immunity.

Yin Y , Liu Z , Li Q , Gou M , Han Y , Xu Y .

3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK-1) is a key kinase regulating the activity of the PI3K/AKT pathway and a major regulator of the AGC protein kinase family. It is essential in the physiological activities of cells, embryonic development, individual development and immune response. In this study, we have identified for the first time an analogue of PDK-1 in the most primitive vertebrate, lamprey, and named it PDK-1-like. The protein sequence similarity of lamprey PDK-1-like to human, mouse, chicken, African xenopus and zebrafish PDK-1 were 64.4 %, 64.5 %, 65.0 %, 61.3 % and 63.2 %, respectively. The phylogenetic tree showed that PDK-1-like of lamprey were located at the base of the vertebrate branch, in line with the trend of biological evolution. Meanwhile, homology analysis showed that PDK-1 proteins across species shared a conserved kinase structural domain and a Pleckstrin Homology (PH) domain. Genomic synteny analysis revealed that the large-scale duplication blocks were not found in lamprey genome and neighbor genes of lamprey PDK-1-like presented dramatic differences compared with jawed vertebrates. More importantly, qPCR analysis showed that PDK-1-like was widely expressed in lamprey. Its mRNA expression levels varied in response to different pathogenic stimuli, and its expression was generally up-regulated under Polyinosinic-Polycytidylic acid (Poly(I:C)) stimulation. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that PDK-1-like was involved in co-expressed with MyD88-independent TLR-3 pathway during the immune response of lamprey, instead of MyD88-dependent TLR-3 pathway. In summary, our composite results offer valuable clues to the origin and evolution of PDK-1, and imply that PDK-1 s are among the most ancestral immune regulators in vertebrates.

PubMed ID: 38875755
Article link: Mol Immunol