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Dev Dyn 2024 Jun 15; doi: 10.1002/dvdy.720.
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The dishevelled associated activator of morphogenesis protein 2 (Daam2) regulates neural tube closure.

Nama K , Su B , Marquez J , Khokha MK , Habas R .

BACKGROUND: The Wnt signaling pathway is highly conserved in metazoans and regulates a large array of cellular processes including motility, polarity and fate determination, and stem cell homeostasis. Modulation of the actin cytoskeleton via the non-canonical Wnt pathway regulate cell polarity and cell migration that are required for proper vertebrate gastrulation and subsequent neurulation. However, the mechanism(s) of how the non-canonical pathway mediates actin cytoskeleton modulation is not fully understood. RESULTS: Herein, we characterize the role of the Formin-homology protein; dishevelled associated activator of morphogenesis 2 (Daam2) protein in the Wnt signaling pathway. Co-immunoprecipitation assays confirm the binding of Daam2 to dishevelled2 (Dvl2) as well as the domains within these proteins required for interaction; additionally, the interaction between Daam2 and Dvl2 was Wnt-regulated. Sub-cellular localization studies reveal Daam2 is cytoplasmic and regulates the cellular actin cytoskeleton by modulating actin filament formation. During Xenopus development, a knockdown or loss of Daam2 specifically produces neural tube closure defects indicative of a role in non-canonical signaling. Additionally, our studies did not identify any role for Daam2 in canonical Wnt signaling in mammalian culture cells or the Xenopus embryo. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies together identify Daam2 as a component of the non-canonical Wnt pathway and Daam2 is a regulator of neural tube morphogenesis during vertebrate development.

PubMed ID: 38877839
Article link: Dev Dyn
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