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Dev Biol 2024 Apr 11; doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2024.04.003.
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A new atlas to study embryonic cell types in Xenopus.

Petrova K , Tretiakov M , Kotov A , Monsoro-Burq AH , Peshkin L .

This paper introduces a single-cell atlas for pivotal developmental stages in Xenopus, encompassing gastrulation, neurulation, and early tailbud. Notably surpassing its predecessors, the new atlas enhances gene mapping, read counts, and gene/cell type nomenclature. Leveraging the latest Xenopus tropicalis genome version, alongside advanced alignment pipelines and machine learning for cell type assignment, this release maintains consistency with previous cell type annotations while rectifying nomenclature issues. Employing an unbiased approach for cell type assignment proves especially apt for embryonic contexts, given the considerable number of non-terminally differentiated cell types. An alternative cell type attribution here adopts a fuzzy, non-deterministic stance, capturing the transient nature of early embryo progenitor cells by presenting an ensemble of types in superposition. The value of the new resource is emphasized through numerous examples, with a focus on previously unexplored germ cell populations where we uncover novel transcription onset features. Offering interactive exploration via a user-friendly web portal and facilitating complete data downloads, this atlas serves as a comprehensive and accessible reference.

PubMed ID: 38614285
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis
Genes referenced: btg4 ccna1 dazl ddx25 dnd1 fuz mfsd10 otx1 pgat slurp1l spire1 vegt velo1

External Resources: raw data