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Dev Comp Immunol 2024 Apr 08;:105178. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2024.105178.
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Identification and characterization of myeloid cells localized in the tadpole liver cortex in Xenopus laevis.

Maéno M , Tanabe M , Ogawa A , Kobayashi H , Izutsu Y , Kato T .

In the present study, using transgenic frogs that express GFP specifically in myeloid cells under the myeloperoxidase enhancer sequence, we found that myeloperoxidase-positive cells are localized in the liver cortex at the late tadpole stages. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that myelopoiesis in the liver cortex became evident after st. 50 and reached its peak by st. 56. Transplantation experiments indicated that cells with a high density at the liver cortex were derived from the dorso-lateral plate tissue in the neurula embryo. Analysis of smear samples of the cells isolated from collagenase-treated liver tissues of the transgenic tadpoles indicated that myeloid cells were the major population of blood cells in the larval liver and that, in addition to myeloid colonies, erythroid colonies expanded in entire liver after metamorphosis. Cells that were purified from the livers of transgenic tadpoles according to the GFP expression exhibited the multi-lobed nuclei. The results of present study provide evidence that the liver cortex of the Xenopus tadpole is a major site of granulopoiesis.

PubMed ID: 38599553
Article link: Dev Comp Immunol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: mpo
GO keywords: hematopoietic stem cell proliferation
Antibodies: Mpo Ab1