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Sci Rep 2024 Apr 02;141:7708. doi: 10.1038/s41598-024-58404-0.
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RECQL4 is not critical for firing of human DNA replication origins.

Padayachy L , Ntallis SG , Halazonetis TD .

Human RECQL4, a member of the RecQ helicase family, plays a role in maintaining genomic stability, but its precise function remains unclear. The N-terminus of RECQL4 has similarity to Sld2, a protein required for the firing of DNA replication origins in budding yeast. Consistent with this sequence similarity, the Xenopus laevis homolog of RECQL4 has been implicated in initiating DNA replication in egg extracts. To determine whether human RECQL4 is required for firing of DNA replication origins, we generated cells in which both RECQL4 alleles were targeted, resulting in either lack of protein expression (knock-out; KO) or expression of a full-length, mutant protein lacking helicase activity (helicase-dead; HD). Interestingly, both the RECQL4 KO and HD cells were viable and exhibited essentially identical origin firing profiles as the parental cells. Analysis of the rate of fork progression revealed increased rates in the RECQL4 KO cells, which might be indicative of decreased origin firing efficiency. Our results are consistent with human RECQL4 having a less critical role in firing of DNA replication origins, than its budding yeast homolog Sld2.

PubMed ID: 38565932
PMC ID: PMC10987555
Article link: Sci Rep
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ctrl pcna recql4 ticrr
GO keywords: DNA replication

Article Images: [+] show captions