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XB-ART-60577
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2024 Mar 15;273:116119. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2024.116119.
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Cadmium induces physiological and behavioral changes associated with 180 kDa NCAM lower expression and higher polysialic acid, in the African clawed Xenopus laevis tadpoles.

Marchand G , Fliniaux I , Titran P , Takeda Uchimura Y , Bodart JF , Harduin Lepers A , Cailliau K , Marin M .


Abstract
Heavy metals are released into the environment in increasing amounts from different natural and anthropogenic sources. Among them, cadmium contaminates aquatic habitats and represents a threat to Amphibians. To assess the risks of exposure to cadmium in the aquatic environment, we studied the survival rate of early tadpoles of Xenopus laevis under exposure to CdCl2 for 6 days in the concentration range between 0.15 and 150 µM of Cd2+. Tadpoles survived and reached stage 45 before feeding at all concentrations tested except 150 µM Cd2+, which significantly induced death. With an exposure of 15 µM Cd2+, tadpoles' mean body length decreased, heart rate increased, fastest swimming speed decreased, and distance traveled was greater compared to unexposed controls. Additionally, a witness of neuronal normal development, the neural cell adhesion molecules (NCAM) expression, was decreased. Moreover, this cell-surface glycoprotein exhibited higher polysialylation, a post-translational modification capable to reduce cell adhesion properties and to affect organ development. Our study highlights the effects of Cd2+ on a series of parameters including morphology, physiology, and behavior. They emphasize the deregulation of molecular NCAM suggesting this effector is an interesting biomarker to detect cadmic toxicity in early tadpoles.

PubMed ID: 38382347
Article link: Ecotoxicol Environ Saf


Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: ncam1
Antibodies: Ncam1 Ab13


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