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XB-ART-60553
J Hazard Mater 2024 Mar 15;466:133599. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2024.133599.
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In vitro assessment of the bacterial stress response and resistance evolution during multidrug-resistant bacterial invasion of the Xenopus tropicalis intestinal tract under typical stresses.

Lin X , Han R , Liang T , Zhang C , Xu Y , Peng H , Zhou X , Huang L .


Abstract
The intestinal microbiome might be both a sink and source of resistance genes (RGs). To investigate the impact of environmental stress on the disturbance of exogenous multidrug-resistant bacteria (mARB) within the indigenous microbiome and proliferation of RGs, an intestinal conjugative system was established to simulate the invasion of mARB into the intestinal microbiota in vitro. Oxytetracycline (OTC) and heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Pb), commonly encountered in aquaculture, were selected as typical stresses for investigation. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), hydroxyl radical (OH·-) and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) were measured to investigate their influence on the acceptance of RGs by intestinal bacteria. The results showed that the transfer and diffusion of RGs under typical combined stressors were greater than those under a single stressor. Combined effect of OTC and heavy metals (Zn, Cu) significantly increased the activity and extracellular EPS content of bacteria in the intestinal conjugative system, increasing intI3 and RG abundance. OTC induced a notable inhibitory response in Citrobacter and exerted the proportion of Citrobacter and Carnobacterium in microbiota. The introduction of stressors stimulates the proliferation and dissemination of RGs within the intestinal environment. These results enhance our comprehension of the typical stresses effect on the RGs dispersal in the intestine.

PubMed ID: 38280323
Article link: J Hazard Mater


Species referenced: Xenopus tropicalis
Genes referenced: otc
GO keywords: response to toxic substance [+]


Article Images: [+] show captions