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Microb Ecol 2023 Jul 01;861:670-686. doi: 10.1007/s00248-022-02049-x.
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Factors Influencing Bacterial and Fungal Skin Communities of Montane Salamanders of Central Mexico.

García-Sánchez JC , Arredondo-Centeno J , Segovia-Ramírez MG , Tenorio Olvera AM , Parra-Olea G , Vredenburg VT , Rovito SM .

Host microbial communities are increasingly seen as an important component of host health. In amphibians, the first land vertebrates that are threatened by a fungal skin disease globally, our understanding of the factors influencing the microbiome of amphibian skin remains incomplete because recent studies have focused almost exclusively on bacteria, and little information exists on fungal communities associated with wild amphibian species. In this study, we describe the effects of host phylogeny, climate, geographic distance, and infection with a fungal pathogen on the composition and structure of bacterial and fungal communities in seven tropical salamander species that occur in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt of Central Mexico. We find that host phylogenetic relatedness is correlated with bacterial community composition while a composite climatic variable of temperature seasonality and precipitation is significantly associated with fungal community composition. We also estimated co-occurrence networks for bacterial and fungal taxa and found differences in the degree of connectivity and the distribution of negative associations between the two networks. Our results suggest that different factors may be responsible for structuring the bacterial and fungal communities of amphibian skin and that the inclusion of fungi in future studies could shed light on important functional interactions within the microbiome.

PubMed ID: 35705744
Article link: Microb Ecol
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References [+] :
Agler, Microbial Hub Taxa Link Host and Abiotic Factors to Plant Microbiome Variation. 2016, Pubmed