XB-ART-59760J Biol Chem 2023 Jun 01;2996:104737. doi: 10.1016/j.jbc.2023.104737.
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Critical contribution of the intracellular C-terminal region to TRESK channel activity is revealed by the epithelial Na+ current ratio method.
TRESK (K2P18.1) possesses unique structural proportions within the K2P background potassium channel family. The previously described TRESK regulatory mechanisms are based on the long intracellular loop between the second and the third transmembrane segments (TMS). However, the functional significance of the exceptionally short intracellular C-terminal region (iCtr) following the fourth TMS has not yet been examined. In the present study, we investigated TRESK constructs modified at the iCtr by two-electrode voltage clamp and the newly developed epithelial sodium current ratio (ENaR) method in Xenopus oocytes. The ENaR method allowed the evaluation of channel activity by exclusively using electrophysiology and provided data that are otherwise not readily available under whole-cell conditions. TRESK homodimer was connected with two ENaC (epithelial Na+ channel) heterotrimers, and the Na+ current was measured as an internal reference, proportional to the number of channels in the plasma membrane. Modifications of TRESK iCtr resulted in diverse functional effects, indicating a complex contribution of this region to K+ channel activity. Mutations of positive residues in proximal iCtr locked TRESK in low activity, calcineurin-insensitive state, although this phosphatase binds to distant motifs in the loop region. Accordingly, mutations in proximal iCtr may prevent the transmission of modulation to the gating machinery. Replacing distal iCtr with a sequence designed to interact with the inner surface of the plasma membrane increased the activity of the channel to unprecedented levels, as indicated by ENaR and single channel measurements. In conclusion, the distal iCtr is a major positive determinant of TRESK function.
PubMed ID: 37084812
PMC ID: PMC10206819
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: kcnk18 ppp3ca pycard
GO keywords: potassium channel activity
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