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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2023 May 01;3245:R645-R655. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00249.2021.
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Na+-dependent intestinal glucose absorption mechanisms and its luminal Na+ homeostasis across metamorphosis from tadpoles to frogs.

Ishizuka N , Nagahashi M , Mochida Y , Hempstock W , Nagata N , Hayashi H .

The abrupt morphological changes of the intestine during metamorphosis have been detailed in frogs. The features of intestinal metamorphosis are shortening of the intestine and remodeling of the intestinal epithelium. It is believed that the purpose of the morphological changes of the intestine is adaptation from aquatic herbivorous to carnivorous life. However, little is known about the physiological importance of these morphological changes. To elucidate the functional changes during metamorphosis, we measured luminal Na+ concentrations and Na+-dependent glucose uptake in tadpoles and adult African clawed frogs Xenopus laevis. The small intestine was isolated and divided into four segments in length, the luminal contents collected for analysis of ion concentration by ion chromatography. Phlorizin-sensitive glucose-induced short-circuit current (ΔIsc) was measured in intestinal preparations mounted in Ussing chambers. Although dietary sodium intake was extremely low in tadpoles, luminal Na+ concentration gradually increased along the proximal to the middle part of the intestine (>70 mM), and this Na+ concentration was comparable with that of carnivorous adult frogs. The increment of glucose-induced ΔIsc was observed in tadpole intestine. We also measured the ΔIsc induced by acetic acid, which is the major short-chain fatty acid produced by fermentation. The expression levels of mRNA for Na+-dependent glucose transporter 1 and tight junction protein claudin-15 in each intestinal segment was measured. These results suggest that luminal Na+ homeostasis is important and luminal Na+ is kept at a high concentration for Na+-dependent nutrient absorption mechanisms.

PubMed ID: 36939209
Article link: Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: slc5a1.2 smn1
GO keywords: glucose metabolic process [+]

Article Images: [+] show captions