Click here to close Hello! We notice that you are using Internet Explorer, which is not supported by Xenbase and may cause the site to display incorrectly. We suggest using a current version of Chrome, FireFox, or Safari.
Pflugers Arch 2023 Feb 01;4752:249-266. doi: 10.1007/s00424-022-02742-3.
Show Gene links Show Anatomy links

Oxalate secretion is stimulated by a cAMP-dependent pathway in the mouse cecum.

Whittamore JM , Hatch M .

Elevated levels of the intracellular second messenger cAMP can stimulate intestinal oxalate secretion however the membrane transporters responsible are unclear. Oxalate transport by the chloride/bicarbonate (Cl-/HCO3-) exchanger Slc26a6 or PAT-1 (Putative Anion Transporter 1), is regulated via cAMP when expressed in Xenopus oocytes and cultured cells but whether this translates to the native epithelia is unknown. This study investigated the regulation of oxalate transport by the mouse intestine focusing on transport at the apical membrane hypothesizing PAT-1 is the target of a cAMP-dependent signaling pathway. Adopting the Ussing chamber technique we measured unidirectional 14C-oxalate and 36Cl- flux ([Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]) across distal ileum, cecum and distal colon, employing forskolin (FSK) and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) to trigger cAMP production. FSK/IBMX initiated a robust secretory response by all segments but the stimulation of net oxalate secretion was confined to the cecum only involving activation of [Formula: see text] and distinct from net Cl- secretion produced by inhibiting [Formula: see text]. Using the PAT-1 knockout (KO) mouse we determined cAMP-stimulated [Formula: see text] was not directly dependent on PAT-1, but it was sensitive to mucosal DIDS (4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbenedisulfonic acid), although unlikely to be another Cl-/HCO3- exchanger given the lack of trans-stimulation or cis-inhibition by luminal Cl- or HCO3-. The cAMP-activated oxalate efflux was reliant on CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator) activity, but only in the presence of PAT-1, leading to speculation on the involvement of a multi-transporter regulatory complex. Further investigations at the cellular and molecular level are necessary to define the mechanism and transporter(s) responsible.

PubMed ID: 36044064
PMC ID: PMC9851989
Article link: Pflugers Arch
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: cftr slc26a6

References [+] :
Alper, Native and recombinant Slc26a3 (downregulated in adenoma, Dra) do not exhibit properties of 2Cl-/1HCO3- exchange. 2011, Pubmed, Xenbase