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Dev Growth Differ 2022 Aug 01;646:290-296. doi: 10.1111/dgd.12797.
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Effective enrichment of stem cells in regenerating Xenopus laevis tadpole tails using the side population method.

Kato S , Kubo T , Fukazawa T .

Xenopus laevis tadpoles have a strong regenerative ability and can regenerate their whole tails after tail amputation. Lineage-restricted tissue stem cells are thought to provide sources for the regenerating tissues by producing undifferentiated progenitor cells in response to tail amputation. However, elucidating the behavioral dynamics of tissue stem cells during tail regeneration is difficult because of their rarity, and there are few established methods of isolating these cells in amphibians. Here, to detect and analyze rare tissue stem cells, we attempted to enrich tissue stem cells from tail regeneration buds. High Hoechst dye efflux capacity is thought to be a common characteristic of several types of mammalian tissue stem cells; these stem cells, designated as the "side population (SP)," may be enriched by flow cytometry (SP method). To evaluate the effectiveness of stem cell enrichment using the SP method in regenerating X. laevis tadpole tails, we performed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) of SP cells from regeneration buds and analyzed the frequency of satellite cells, which are muscle stem/progenitor cells expressing pax7. The pax7-expressing cells were enriched in the SP compared with whole normal tails and regeneration buds. Furthermore, hes1-expressing cells, which are assumed to be neural stem/progenitor cells, were also enriched in the SP. Our findings suggest that the SP method is efficient for successfully enriching tissue stem cells in regenerating X. laevis tadpole tails, indicating that the combination of the SP method and scRNA-seq is useful for studying tissue stem cells that contribute to tail regeneration.

PubMed ID: 35839785
Article link: Dev Growth Differ
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: foxc2 hes1 pax7

Article Images: [+] show captions