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Curr Issues Mol Biol 2022 Mar 13;443:1284-1293. doi: 10.3390/cimb44030086.
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Bicarbonate-Independent Sodium Conductance of Na/HCO3 Cotransporter NBCn1 Decreases NMDA Receptor Function.

Choi I , Yang H , Kim E , Lee S .

The sodium bicarbonate cotransporter NBCn1 is an electroneutral transporter with a channel activity that conducts Na+ in a HCO3--independent manner. This channel activity was suggested to functionally affect other membrane proteins which permeate Na+ influx. We previously reported that NBCn1 is associated with the NMDA receptors (NMDARs) at the molecular and physiological levels. In this study, we examined whether NBCn1 channel activity affects NMDAR currents and whether this effect involves the interaction between the two proteins. NBCn1 and the NMDAR subunits GluN1A/GluN2A were expressed in Xenopus oocytes, and glutamate currents produced by the receptors were measured using two-electrode voltage clamp. In the absence of CO2/HCO3-, NBCn1 channel activity decreased glutamate currents mediated by GluN1A/GluN2A. NBCn1 also decreased the slope of the current-voltage relationships for the glutamate current. Similar effects on the glutamate current were observed with and without PSD95, which can cluster NBCn1 and NMDARs. The channel activity was also observed in the presence of CO2/HCO3-. We conclude that NBCn1 channel activity decreases NMDAR function. Given that NBCn1 knockout mice develop a downregulation of NMDARs, our results are unexpected and suggest that NBCn1 has dual effects on NMDARs. It stabilizes NMDAR expression but decreases receptor function by its Na+ channel activity. The dual effects may play an important role in fine-tuning the regulation of NMDARs in the brain.

PubMed ID: 35723309
Article link: Curr Issues Mol Biol
Grant support: [+]

Genes referenced: dlg4 slc4a7

References [+] :
Aalkjaer, Cation-coupled bicarbonate transporters. 2014, Pubmed