XB-ART-59062PLoS One 2022 May 12;175:e0267932. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0267932.
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Embryonic and aglomerular kidney development in the bay pipefish, Syngnathus leptorhynchus.
In this report we describe the embryogenesis of the bay pipefish, Syngnathus leptorhynchus, and the organogenesis of its aglomerular kidney. Early development was analyzed via a series of montages and images documenting embryos collected from the brood pouches of pregnant males. Despite differences in terminal morphology between pipefish and common teleost models such as medaka and zebrafish, the embryogenesis of these highly advanced fishes is generally similar to that of other fishes. One of the unique features of these fishes is their utilization of an aglomerular kidney. Histological analysis revealed a single long, unbranched kidney tubule in late embryos. The development and structure of this organ was further investigated by cloning the sodium potassium ATPase alpha subunit, atp1a, from S. leptorhynchus and developing whole mount fluorescent in situ hybridization protocols for embryos of this species. Fluorescent stereoscopic and confocal visualization techniques were then used to characterize the 3D morphology of aglomerular kidneys in intact embryos. In all embryonic stages characterized, the aglomerular kidney is a single unbranched tube extending from just behind the head to the cloaca.
PubMed ID: 35551281
Article link: PLoS One
Genes referenced: atp1a1
GO keywords: kidney development
Article Images: [+] show captions
|Fig 5. Fluorescent in situ hybridization based labelling of atp1a expression in the developing kidney of bay pipefish embryos. A. Late segmentation stage, no kidney is visible. B. Early pharyngula, paired kidney tubules are present and atp1a positive (white arrows). The gut tube is also fluorescent (red arrow). C. Scanning confocal generated image stack illustrating the kidney tubules (white arrow) and ionocytes (yellow arrow) in a late pharyngula embryo. D. Late pharyngula scanning confocal generated image stack. This stack was collected only in the plane of the kidney so most other labelled structures were not present. An unknown structure (orange arrows), possibly the developing gills and some ionocytes (yellow arrow) were also present in the image stack. For the purpose of scale, the eye in the early pharyngula in panel 5B is approximately 150 microns in diameter.|
References [+] :
Ahnesjö, The biology of Syngnathidae: pipefishes, seadragons and seahorses. 2011, Pubmed