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Insect Sci 2022 Feb 01;291:78-90. doi: 10.1111/1744-7917.12908.
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Functional characterization of a novel, highly expressed ion-driven sugar antiporter in the thoracic muscles of Helicoverpa armigera.

Yuan YY , Xin YC , Han JL , Zhao YH , Han SM , Nangong ZY , Chen X , Wang ZC , Li M , Qiu XH .

Sugar transporters (STs), which mainly mediate cellular sugar exchanges, play critical physiological roles in living organisms, and they may be responsible for sugar exchanges among various insect tissues. However, the molecular and physiological functions of insect STs are largely unknown. Here, 16 STs of Helicoverpa armigera were identified. A phylogenetic analysis classified the putative HaSTs into 12 sub-families, and those identified in this study were distributed into 6 sub-families. Real-time polymerase chain reaction indicated that the 16 HaSTs had diverse tissue-specific expression levels. One transporter, HaST10, was highly expressed in thoracic muscles. A functional study using a Xenopus oocyte expression system revealed that HaST10 mediated both H+ -driven trehalose and Na+ -driven glucose antiport activities with high transport efficiency and low affinity levels. A HaST10 knockout clearly impaired the performance of H. armigera. Thus, HaST10 may participate in sugar-supply regulation and have essential physiological roles in H. armigera.

PubMed ID: 33750010
Article link: Insect Sci