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Int J Mol Sci 2021 Sep 29;2219:. doi: 10.3390/ijms221910515.
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Translocation of TMEM175 Lysosomal Potassium Channel to the Plasma Membrane by Dynasore Compounds.

Pergel E , Veres I , Csigi GI , Czirják G .

TMEM175 (transmembrane protein 175) coding sequence variants are associated with increased risk of Parkinson's disease. TMEM175 is the ubiquitous lysosomal K+ channel regulated by growth factor receptor signaling and direct interaction with protein kinase B (PKB/Akt). In the present study, we show that the expression of mouse TMEM175 results in very small K+ currents through the plasma membrane in Xenopus laevis oocytes, in good accordance with the previously reported intracellular localization of the channel. However, the application of the dynamin inhibitor compounds, dynasore or dyngo-4a, substantially increased TMEM175 currents measured by the two-electrode voltage clamp method. TMEM175 was more permeable to cesium than potassium ions, voltage-dependently blocked by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP), and slightly inhibited by extracellular acidification. Immunocytochemistry experiments indicated that dyngo-4a increased the amount of epitope-tagged TMEM175 channel on the cell surface. The coexpression of dominant-negative dynamin, and the inhibition of clathrin- or caveolin-dependent endocytosis increased TMEM175 current much less than dynasore. Therefore, dynamin-independent pharmacological effects of dynasore may also contribute to the action on the channel. TMEM175 current rapidly decays after the withdrawal of dynasore, raising the possibility that an efficient internalization mechanism removes the channel from the plasma membrane. Dyngo-4a induced about 20-fold larger TMEM175 currents than the PKB activator SC79, or the coexpression of a constitutively active mutant PKB with the channel. In contrast, the allosteric PKB inhibitor MK2206 diminished the TMEM175 current in the presence of dyngo-4a. These data suggest that, in addition to the lysosomes, PKB-dependent regulation also influences TMEM175 current in the plasma membrane.

PubMed ID: 34638858
PMC ID: PMC8508992
Article link: Int J Mol Sci
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: akt1 cltc
GO keywords: potassium channel activity [+]

Disease Ontology terms: Parkinson's disease

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Avenali, Glucocerebrosidase Defects as a Major Risk Factor for Parkinson's Disease. 2020, Pubmed