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Aquat Toxicol 2017 Dec 01;193:105-110. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2017.10.009.
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Maturation of Xenopus laevis oocytes under cadmium and lead exposures: Cell biology investigations.

Slaby S , Hanotel J , Marchand G , Lescuyer A , Bodart JF , Leprêtre A , Lemière S , Marin M .

Since amphibians are recognised as good models to assess the quality of environments, only few studies have dealt with the impacts of chemical contaminants on their gametes, while toxic effects at this stage will alter all the next steps of their life cycle. Therefore, we propose to investigate the oocyte maturation of Xenopus laevis in cadmium- and lead-contaminated conditions. The impacts of cadmium and lead ions were explored on events involved in the hormone-dependent process of maturation. In time-course experiments, cadmium, at the highest concentration, delayed and prevented the germinal vesicle breakdown. Even in the absence of progesterone this ion could also induce it. No such spontaneous maturation was observed after lead exposures. An acceleration of the process at the highest tested concentration of lead (90μM), in presence of progesterone, was recorded. Cytological observations highlighted that cadmium exposures drove severe disturbances of meiotic spindle morphogenesis. At last, cadmium exposures altered the MAPK pathway, regarding the activation of ERK2 and RSK, but also the activation and the activity of the MPF, by disturbing the state of phosphorylation of Cdc2 and histone H3. Xenopus laevis oocytes were affected by these metal ion exposures, notably by Cd 2+ . Signatures of these metal exposures on the oocyte maturation were detected. This germ cell appeared to be a relevant model to assess the effects of environmental contaminants such as metals.

PubMed ID: 29053961
Article link: Aquat Toxicol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cdk1 mapk1 rps6ka1
GO keywords: MAP kinase activity [+]
Antibodies: Cdk1 Ab2 Mapk1 Ab13 Rps6ka1 Ab1