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XB-ART-53554
Rouxs Arch Dev Biol 1989 Jun 01;1982:92-102. doi: 10.1007/BF02447744.
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Yolk organelles and their membranes during vitellogenesis ofXenopus oocytes.

Richter H- .


Abstract
The yolk platelets ofXenopus laevis have been studied by thin-section and freeze-fracture electron microscopy to characterize the boundary membrane during yolk formation. Throughout vitellogenesis, large yolk platelets are in close contact with smaller nascent yolk organelles. Two types of primordial yolk platelets (I and II) have been discriminated. After membrane fusion these precursors can be completely incorporated into the main body of existing platelets, numerous yolk crystals then merge and form one uniformly stratified core. Lipid droplets are tightly attached to the membrane at all developmental stages of yolk platelets. A direct connection of endoplasmic reticulum to the membranes of yolk platelets was not observed. On freezeetching replicas, yolk-platelet membranes present fracture faces with intramembranous particles (IMP) of various sizes and a heterogeneous distribution of approximately 200-600 IMP/μm2 at the E face, and 1200-2100 IMP/μm2 at the P face. Again, this presentation of the membrane exhibits neither anastomoses to the endoplasmic reticulum, nor caveolae that exclude the uptake of yolk-containing vesicles into these yolk organelles. Proteinaceous yolk platelets tend to fracture along their periphery through the superficial layers.

PubMed ID: 28305877
Article link: Rouxs Arch Dev Biol



References [+] :
Benavente, Cell type-specific expression of nuclear lamina proteins during development of Xenopus laevis. 1985, Pubmed, Xenbase