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Gene Expr Patterns 2003 Aug 01;34:509-19. doi: 10.1016/s1567-133x(03)00086-3.
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Novel gene expression domains reveal early patterning of the Xenopus endoderm.

Costa RM , Mason J , Lee M , Amaya E , Zorn AM .

The endoderm gives rise the respiratory and digestive tract epithelia as well as associated organs such as the liver, lungs and pancreas. Investigations examining the molecular basis of embryonic endodermal patterning and organogenesis have been hampered by the lack of regionally expressed molecular markers in the early endoderm. By differentially screening an arrayed cDNA library, combined with an in situ hybridization screen we identified 13 new genes regionally expressed in the early tailbud endoderm of the Xenopus embryo. The putative proteins encoded by these cDNAs include a cell surface transporter, secreted proteins, a protease, a protease inhibitor, an RNA-binding protein, a phosphatase inhibitor and several enzymes. We find that the expression of these genes falls into one of three re-occurring domains in the tailbud embryo; (1). a ventral midgut, (2). posterior to the midgut and (3). in the dorsal endoderm beneath the notochord. Several of these genes are also regionally expressed at gastrula and neurula stages and appear to mark territories that were previously only predicted by the endoderm fate map. This indicates that there is significant positional identity in the early endoderm long before stages 28-32 when regional specification of the endoderm is thought to occur. These new genes provide valuable tools for studying endodermal patterning and organogenesis in Xenopus.

PubMed ID: 12915320
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns
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Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: atp1b3 c3 ctbs darmin efnb1 fetub hrg immp2l impdh1 khdrbs1 nckipsd ndrg1 ppp1r1a slc5a8.1 ventx2.2

Article Images: [+] show captions