XB-ART-41589J Biol Chem 2010 Jul 02;28527:20462-71. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.121277.
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Stargazin modulates neuronal voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel Ca(v)2.2 by a Gbetagamma-dependent mechanism.
Loss of neuronal protein stargazin (gamma(2)) is associated with recurrent epileptic seizures and ataxia in mice. Initially, due to homology to the skeletal muscle calcium channel gamma(1) subunit, stargazin and other family members (gamma(3-8)) were classified as gamma subunits of neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels (such as Ca(V)2.1-Ca(V)2.3). Here, we report that stargazin interferes with G protein modulation of Ca(V)2.2 (N-type) channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. Stargazin counteracted the Gbetagamma-induced inhibition of Ca(V)2.2 channel currents, caused either by coexpression of the Gbetagamma dimer or by activation of a G protein-coupled receptor. Expression of high doses of Gbetagamma overcame the effects of stargazin. High affinity Gbetagamma scavenger proteins m-cbetaARK and m-phosducin produced effects similar to stargazin. The effects of stargazin and m-cbetaARK were not additive, suggesting a common mechanism of action, and generally independent of the presence of the Ca(V)beta(3) subunit. However, in some cases, coexpression of Ca(V)beta(3) blunted the modulation by stargazin. Finally, the Gbetagamma-opposing action of stargazin was not unique to Ca(V)2.2, as stargazin also inhibited the Gbetagamma-mediated activation of the G protein-activated K(+) channel. Purified cytosolic C-terminal part of stargazin bound Gbetagamma in vitro. Our results suggest that the regulation by stargazin of biophysical properties of Ca(V)2.2 are not exerted by direct modulation of the channel but via a Gbetagamma-dependent mechanism.
PubMed ID: 20435886
PMC ID: PMC2898357
Article link: J Biol Chem
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cacna1a cacna1b cacng2
References [+] :
Bats, The interaction between Stargazin and PSD-95 regulates AMPA receptor surface trafficking. 2007, Pubmed