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Clin Genet 2010 Feb 01;772:155-62. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01288.x.
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Identification and functional analysis of novel mutations of the CLCNKB gene in Chinese patients with classic Bartter syndrome.

Yu Y , Xu C , Pan X , Ren H , Wang W , Meng X , Huang F , Chen N .

Mutations in the gene CLCNKB encoding the ClC-Kb chloride channel causes classic Bartter syndrome, which is characterized by hypokalaemic metabolic alkalosis, renal salt loss, hyper-reninaemic hyperaldosteronism and normal blood pressure. We aimed to investigate the underlying mutations in CLCNKB in two Chinese patients with classic Bartter syndrome and then test the effect of the mutations on ClC-Kb chloride channel activity. Mutation analysis of CLCNKB was performed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) direct sequencing. Expression of the wild-type and mutant ClC-Kb was heterologous in Xenopus laevis oocytes. We identified three novel CLCNKB gene mutations, including one homozygous missense mutation (R351W) in one patient and two compound heterozygous mutations (R30X and A210V) in the other. As determined by two-electrode voltage-clamp analysis of ClC-Kb channel activity, R30X abolished the current amplitude; A210V and R351W significantly reduced the current amplitude. A210V was almost as sensitive as the wild type to extracellular pH and calcium, whereas R351W removed extracellular calcium activation and markedly reduced alkaline pH activation of ClC-Kb. The three novel CLCNKB mutations we identified in two Chinese patients with classic Bartter syndrome have a role in altering the functional properties of ClC-Kb channels.

PubMed ID: 19807735
Article link: Clin Genet

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: clcnkb