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Dev Dyn 2009 Mar 01;2383:755-65. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.21889.
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Two Hoxc6 transcripts are differentially expressed and regulate primary neurogenesis in Xenopus laevis.

Bardine N , Donow C , Korte B , Durston AJ , Knöchel W , Wacker SA .

Hox genes are key players in defining positional information along the main body axis of vertebrate embryos. In Xenopus laevis, Hoxc6 was the first homeobox gene isolated. It encodes two isoforms. We analyzed in detail their spatial and temporal expression pattern during early development. One major expression domain of both isoforms is the spinal cord portion of the neural tube. Within the spinal cord and its populations of primary neurons, Hox genes have been found to play a crucial role for defining positional information. Here we report that a loss-of-function of either one of the Hoxc6 products does not affect neural induction, the expression of general neural markers is not modified. However, Hoxc6 does widely affect the formation of primary neurons within the developing neural tissue. Manipulations of Hoxc6 expression severly changes the expression of the neuronal markers N-tubulin and Islet-1. Formation of primary neurons and formation of cranial nerves are affected. Hence, Hoxc6 functions are not restricted to the expected role in anterior-posterior pattern formation, but they also regulate N-tubulin, thereby having an effect on the initial formation of primary neurons in Xenopus laevis embryos.

PubMed ID: 19235717
Article link: Dev Dyn

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: dpysl3 foxf1 hoxc6 isl1 lhx1 myod1 ncam1 neurog2 nog snai2 sox2 tubb2b

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