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Gene Expr Patterns 2008 Jul 01;86:376-381. doi: 10.1016/j.gep.2008.05.003.
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Upstream stimulatory factors, USF1 and USF2 are differentially expressed during Xenopus embryonic development.

Upstream stimulatory factors (USF) 1 and 2 are members of the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper transcription factor family. They are considered to play critical roles in cell-cycle regulation and chromatin remodeling. Their gene expression patterns are considered ubiquitous but have not been fully investigated in terms of embryogenesis. We examined the expression of the genes encoding USF1 and USF2 in Xenopus laevis during embryonic development. Expression of both genes was first detected as maternal transcripts and was observed continuously throughout development. However, in situ hybridization analysis revealed that the two genes were expressed differentially. In the late blastula, both genes were expressed in the blastocoel roof and marginal zone. At the gastrula stage, USF2 was strongly expressed in the sensorial layer of the ectoderm and in the mesoderm, whereas USF1 expression was hardly detectable. From the neurula stage onward, expression of both genes was markedly enhanced in the neural tissues, neural crest, eye and otic vesicle. However, spatial expression of the genes within the neural tube differed in that the strongest USF1 signals were observed in the lateral region of the basal plate and the strongest USF2 ones in the dorsal region of the neural tube. Expression of the two genes occurred in different mesoderm derivatives at the tailbud stage (USF1, somite; USF2, pronephros and lateral plate mesoderm of the tail region). USF1 was expressed in the notochord of the early neurula, but was lost at the stage.

PubMed ID: 18585979
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: foxa2 lhx1 lhx3 msx1 pax2 tbx2 uqcc6 usf1 usf2

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