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Dev Dyn 2007 Jan 01;2361:226-39. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.21007.
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FoxN3 is required for craniofacial and eye development of Xenopus laevis.

Schuff M , Rössner A , Wacker SA , Donow C , Gessert S , Knöchel W .

A functional knockdown of FoxN3, a member of subclass N of fork head/winged helix transcription factors in Xenopus laevis, leads to an abnormal formation of the jaw cartilage, absence or malformation of distinct cranial nerves, and reduced size of the eye. While the eye phenotype is due to an increased rate of apoptosis, the cellular basis of the jaw phenotype is more complex. The upper and lower jaw cartilages are derivatives of a subset of cranial neural crest cells, which migrate into the first pharyngeal arch. Histological analysis of FoxN3-depleted embryos reveals severe deformation and false positioning of infrarostral, Meckel's, and palatoquadrate cartilages, structural elements derived from the first pharyngeal arch, and of the ceratohyale, which derives from the second pharyngeal arch. The derivatives of the third and fourth pharyngeal arches are less affected. FoxN3 is not required for early neural crest migration. Defects in jaw formation rather arise by failure of differentiation than by positional effects of crest migration. By GST-pulldown analysis, we have identified two different members of histone deacetylase complexes (HDAC), xSin3 and xRPD3, as putative interaction partners of FoxN3, suggesting that FoxN3 regulates craniofacial and eye development by recruiting HDAC.

PubMed ID: 17089409
Article link: Dev Dyn

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: foxd3 foxn2 foxn3 hdac3 hoxa2 mxd1 nkx3-2 rax sin3a snai1 sox3 tfap2a uqcc6
GO keywords: neural crest cell migration [+]
Morpholinos: foxn3 MO1

Article Images: [+] show captions