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Dev Biol 1984 Mar 01;1021:90-7.
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The onset of activation responsiveness during maturation coincides with the formation of the cortical endoplasmic reticulum in oocytes of Xenopus laevis.

Charbonneau M , Grey RD .

Immature, Stage VI oocytes of Xenopus laevis fail to activate (i.e., to propagate a cortical reaction and elevate a fertilization envelope) when pricked or exposed to A23187. We determined the times during maturation when immature oocytes treated with progesterone in vitro developed the capacity to respond to pricking and to ionophore. Responsiveness to ionophore first appears at about 3.5-4.5 hr after progesterone treatment; all oocytes are activated by 8-9 hr after progesterone. The capacity to respond to pricking appears about 1.0-1.5 hr after first signs of ionophore responsiveness. We examined the cortical endoplasmic reticulum (CER) by TEM to determine whether the morphology of this component could be correlated with the development of responsiveness during maturation. Fully mature oocytes exhibit an extensive CER that (1) forms a "shell" around most cortical granules, (2) appears to interconnect cortical granules, and (3) forms junctions with the plasma membrane. The CER-plasma membrane junctions are especially obvious in preparations of isolated cortex. The elaborate CER is not present in immature oocytes. It first appears during maturation of progesterone-treated oocytes at 4.5-5.0 hr, coincident with the time when maturing oocytes develop their responsiveness to ionophore and to pricking. This temporal correlation is consistent with the hypothesis that the CER is one of the components required for regulation of intracellular free calcium in oocytes.

PubMed ID: 6421640
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cer1