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J Mol Biol 1984 Sep 15;1782:273-85. doi: 10.1016/0022-2836(84)90144-x.
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Small nuclear U-ribonucleoproteins in Xenopus laevis development. Uncoupled accumulation of the protein and RNA components.

Fritz A , Parisot R , Newmeyer D , De Robertis EM .

The accumulation of protein and RNA components of small nuclear U-ribonucleoprotein particles is non-co-ordinate during oogenesis and early embryogenesis in Xenopus laevis. Northern blot hybridization of a cloned Xenopus U2-RNA gene to oocyte and embryo RNAs demonstrates that the amount of small nuclear U2-RNA per oocyte reaches a plateau early in oogenesis (at the start of yolk deposition); further accumulation is not observed in oogenesis, nor in embryogenesis until the late blastula stage. In contrast, we show by immunoblot analysis that the proteins that bind to small nuclear U-RNAs continue to be accumulated after vitellogenesis begins, reaching maximum amounts only at the end of oocyte development. No further accumulation of these proteins is seen during embryogenesis. The consequences of this non-co-ordinate synthesis of small nuclear RNA and small nuclear RNA-binding proteins are as follows: a 10- to 20-fold excess of the protein components of the small ribonucleoprotein particles over small nuclear RNA exists in large oocytes; the bulk of the protein is cytoplasmic, while the RNA is nuclear. Thus the excess protein in the cytoplasm is uncomplexed with RNA. The imbalance between protein and RNA is not corrected until the late blastula or early gastrula stages of embryogenesis, when a tenfold increase in the amount of small nuclear U2-RNA is detected. Thus the protein, but not the RNA, components of small nuclear U-ribonucleoprotein particles are stockpiled in oocytes for later use in embryonic development. During the course of these studies, we also found that there are tissue-specific differences in the Sm-antigenic proteins of X. laevis.

PubMed ID: 6208365
Article link: J Mol Biol