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Am J Physiol 1992 Oct 01;2634 Pt 1:C896-900. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1992.263.4.C896.
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Lysophosphatidic acid induces a pertussis toxin-sensitive Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current in Xenopus laevis oocytes.

Durieux ME , Salafranca MN , Lynch KR , Moorman JR .

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) induces a Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current in defolliculated Xenopus laevis oocytes. The response appears mediated by a specific membrane receptor, because no current is induced when related compounds [phosphatidic acid (PA), lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), and lysophosphatidylserine (LPS)] are applied extracellularly or when LPA is injected intracellularly. Incubation in pertussis toxin prevents the response. The response is mediated by a Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current because 1) it is abolished by intracellular ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (EGTA; 5 mM) but not affected by changes in extracellular Ca2+ concentration and 2) the reversal potential becomes more positive at lower Cl- concentrations. Suramin (2 mM) blocks the LPA-induced current, but PA, LPS, LPC, and the platelet-activating factor antagonist WEB-2086 do not. The response is dose dependent for LPA concentrations from 10(-8) to 10(-3) M. Incubation of oocytes in LPA does not induce germinal vesicle breakdown. These findings suggest that this novel oocyte response to LPA is mediated by a specific membrane receptor linked to a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein.

PubMed ID: 1415674
Article link: Am J Physiol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: pcsk7