XB-ART-21008Dev Dyn 1994 Aug 01;2004:269-77. doi: 10.1002/aja.1002000402.
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Tenascin is a large glycoprotein which is expressed in a restricted pattern in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of vertebrate embryos. Tenascin interferes with cell-fibronectin interactions in vitro, and may play a role in the control of cell migration and differentiation during development. In Xenopus, tenascin immunoreactivity is first detected at the early tailbud stage in the ECM of the most anterior somite. Thereafter, it is distributed dorsally along neural crest cell migration pathways. In this paper, we report that tenascin mRNA is most abundant in dorsal mesoderm at the neurula stage and in somites at the early tailbud stage, indicating that the initial accumulation of tenascin in the ECM is due to secretion from paraxial mesoderm. To understand how tenascin expression in somitic mesoderm is controlled, we have expressed Xbra and the myogenic factors XMyoD and XMyf5 in blastula animal cap tissue. The tenascin gene is activated by all three transcription factors. Interestingly, expression of tenascin mRNA, and accumulation of the protein in the ECM, can occur without formation of muscle. Our results suggest that tenascin regionalization in early Xenopus embryos depends on tenascin RNA expression by somitic mesoderm, where it is likely to be activated by myogenic factors.
PubMed ID: 7527682
Article link: Dev Dyn
Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: fn1 myf5 myod1 tbxt tnc
Antibodies: Cdh1 Ab1 Cdh1 Ab2 Cdh1 Ab5 Somite Ab1 Tnc Ab1