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Dev Biol 1995 Jan 01;1671:252-62. doi: 10.1006/dbio.1995.1021.
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Transcriptional activation of the matrix metalloproteinase gene stromelysin-3 coincides with thyroid hormone-induced cell death during frog metamorphosis.

Patterton D , Hayes WP , Shi YB .

A full-length cDNA was isolated for a thyroid hormone response gene in the metamorphosing frog intestine and shown by sequence analysis to be the frog homolog of the mammalian extracellular matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-3 (ST3). Northern hybridization indicated that ST3 gene expression is differentially activated in tadpole tissues during metamorphosis. In the small intestine, in situ hybridization localized high levels of ST3 mRNA to fibroblast-like cells during thyroid hormone-induced metamorphosis. ST3mRNA was undetectable in the intestine prior to metamorphosis, while high levels were present at the metamorphic climax. At this time, primary intestinal epithelial cells are known to undergo cell death and replacement by secondary epithelial cells, arguing that ST3 is involved in the modification of the extracellular matrix during apoptosis. ST3mRNA was also expressed at high levels during tadpole tail resorption, but not in premetamorphic tail or developing hindlimb, further supporting a role for ST3 when tissue remodeling is accompanied by large-scale cell death. Premetamorphic tadpoles treated with thyroid hormone showed a similar but compressed time course of ST3 gene regulation, suggesting that thyroid hormone controls ST3 gene expression during metamorphosis. In contrast, during embryogenesis, ST3 was expressed before endogenous thyroid hormone is detectable, indicating that ST3 can also be regulated independently of thyroid hormone. These findings implicate that ST3 participates in the modification of the extracellular matrix during matamorphic apoptosis, but Northern analyses using heterologous probes raise the possibility that additional matrix metalloproteinases may also be involved.

PubMed ID: 7851646
Article link: Dev Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: gla mmp11 mmp3

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