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Mech Dev 1999 Mar 01;811-2:139-49.
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Transcriptional regulation of Xvent homeobox genes.

Rastegar S , Friedle H , Frommer G , Knöchel W .

The Xvent homeobox multigene family is essential for the patterning of the ventral mesoderm in Xenopus embryos. We have identified two novel members of this family, Xvent-1B and Xvent-2B, and have characterized their genomic structures. These two genes show a clustered organization and have probably arisen by gene duplication with subsequent inversion. Cis-regulatory elements within the promoters of both genes have been identified which contribute to their spatial activation. Xvent-2B is activated by BMP-2/4 in the absence of de novo protein synthesis, suggesting that this gene is a direct target of BMP-signalling. In contrast, Xvent-1B does not directly respond to BMP-2/4, but is activated by Xvent-2B. This activation is documented by Xvent-1B promoter/reporter studies, Xvent-2B overexpression and loss-of-function analysis using a dominant-negative Xvent-2 mutant. However, cycloheximide experiments reveal that Xvent-2B by itself is not sufficient to activate transcription of the Xvent-1B gene, but that there is a requirement for additional factor(s) being synthesized after midblastula transition.

PubMed ID: 10330491
Article link:

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ventx1.1 ventx2.1

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