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Gen Comp Endocrinol 2000 Feb 01;1172:313-22. doi: 10.1006/gcen.1999.7420.
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Cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding cdc2 kinase, a component of maturation-promoting factor, in Rana dybowskii.

Bandyopadhyay J , Bandyopadhyay A , Choi HS , Kwon HB , Kang HM .

In order to understand the mechanism of oocyte maturation in seasonal-breeding wild frogs, we have cloned and sequenced a cDNA encoding Cdc2 kinase, a component of the maturation-promoting factor (MPF) in Rana dybowskii. About 1.2-kb cDNA was isolated by reverse transcription coupled to polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and cDNA library screening. The cloned Rana Cdc2 cDNA encodes a complete open-reading frame with 302 amino acid residues, which deduce a 34-kDa protein. Homology of more than 80% was found between the deduced amino acid sequence of Rana Cdc2 and that of five phylogenetically distant organisms, and 94% identity was found between Rana and Xenopus. More importantly, the Thr14, Tyr15, and Thr161 residues, the phosphorylation sites for the activation of the enzyme, are highly conserved. In vitro-translated Rana Cdc2 cross-reacted with Xenopus p34(cdc2) antibody as shown by Western blot. Northern blot analysis showed that a 1.7-kb transcript was highly expressed in the gonads compared to other tissues, indicating the important role of Cdc2 kinase in gonads as a component of MPF. The cloned Rana Cdc2 cDNA also exhibited histone H1 kinase activity when expressed in CV-1 cells. In the present study, therefore, we have characterized the Rana Cdc2 kinase in amphibian, which will be helpful in understanding the process of oocyte maturation related to the reproduction cycle of wild frogs.

PubMed ID: 10642452
Article link: Gen Comp Endocrinol

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: cdk1 pold1
Antibodies: Cdc2 Ab2