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J Vet Med Sci 2000 Feb 01;622:153-9. doi: 10.1292/jvms.62.153.
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Expression patterns of glycoconjugates in the three distinctive olfactory pathways of the clawed frog, Xenopus laevis.

Saito S , Taniguchi K .

Xenopus laevis has three distinctive olfactory neuroepithelia. We examined the axonal projection from each of these epithelia to the olfactory bulb by Di-I labeling, and confirmed that the Xenopus primary olfactory pathways involve the dorsal pathway from the olfactory epithelium to the dorsal region of the main olfactory bulb, the ventral pathway from the middle chamber epithelium to the ventral region of the main olfactory bulb, and the vomeronasal pathway from the vomeronasal epithelium to the accessory olfactory bulb. We next examined expression patterns of glycoconjugates in the three olfactory pathways by lectin-histochemistry using 21 biotinylated lectins. Fourteen out of 21 lectins stained the Xenopus primary olfactory system. RCA-I stained the three olfactory pathways uniformly. PHA-E stained only the dorsal pathway. LEL, STL, PNA, ECL and UEA-I stained the dorsal pathway more intensely than the ventral pathway, and among them, only UEA-I stained the vomeronasal pathway. In contrast, s-WGA, DBA, SBA, BSL-I VVA, SJA and PHA-L showed intense stainings in the ventral pathway and moderate stainings in the vomeronasal pathway, but faint or weak stainings in the dorsal pathway. These observations suggest that the ventral pathway expresses glycoconjugates shared commonly with either the dorsal or the vomeronasal pathway. In addition, from the binding patterns of the lectins with a binding specificity for N-acetylgalactosamine, glycoconjugates containing this saccharide seem to play an important role for the organization of the olfactory pathways.

PubMed ID: 10720185
Article link: J Vet Med Sci

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: hspg2
Antibodies: Wheat Germ Agglutinin