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XB-ART-10434
J Biol Chem 2000 Nov 17;27546:36465-71. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M007034200.
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Functional roles of charged residues in the putative voltage sensor of the HCN2 pacemaker channel.

Chen J , Mitcheson JS , Lin M , Sanguinetti MC .


Abstract
Hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels contribute to pacemaking activity in specialized neurons and cardiac myocytes. HCN channels have a structure similar to voltage-gated K(+) channels but have a much larger putative S4 transmembrane domain and open in response to membrane hyperpolarization instead of depolarization. As an initial attempt to define the structural basis of HCN channel gating, we have characterized the functional roles of the charged residues in the S2, S3, and S4 transmembrane domains. The nine basic residues and a single Ser in S4 were mutated individually to Gln, and the function of mutant channels was analyzed in Xenopus oocytes using two-microelectrode voltage clamp techniques. Surface membrane expression of hemagglutinin-epitope-tagged channel proteins was examined by chemiluminescence. Our results suggest that 1) Lys-291, Arg-294, Arg-297, and Arg-300 contribute to the voltage dependence of gating but not to channel folding or trafficking to the surface membrane; 2) Lys-303 and Ser-306 are essential for gating, but not for channel folding/trafficking; 3) Arg-312 is important for folding but not gating; and 4) Arg-309, Arg-315, and Arg-318 are crucial for normal protein folding/trafficking and may charge-pair with Asp residues located in the S2 and S3 domains.

PubMed ID: 10962006
Article link: J Biol Chem
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: hcn2