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Development 1997 Dec 01;12423:4739-48. doi: 10.1242/dev.124.23.4739.
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Sizzled: a secreted Xwnt8 antagonist expressed in the ventral marginal zone of Xenopus embryos.

Salic AN , Kroll KL , Evans LM , Kirschner MW .

An expression cloning screen was used to isolate a novel gene homologous to the extracellular cysteine-rich domain of frizzled receptors. The gene (which we called sizzled for secreted frizzled) was shown to encode a soluble secreted protein, containing a functional signal sequence but no transmembrane domains. Sizzled (szl) is capable of inhibiting Xwnt8 as assayed by (1) dose-dependent inhibition of siamois induction by Xwnt8 in animal caps, (2) rescue of embryos ventralized by Xwnt8 DNA and (3) inhibition of XmyoD expression in the marginal zone. Szl can dorsalize Xenopus embryos if expressed after the midblastula transition, strengthening the idea that zygotic expression of wnts and in particular of Xwnt8 plays a role in antagonizing dorsal signals. It also suggests that inhibiting ventralizing wnts parallels the opposition of BMPs by noggin and chordin. szl expression is restricted to a narrow domain in the ventral marginal zone of gastrulating embryos. szl thus encodes a secreted antagonist of wnt signaling likely involved in inhibiting Xwnt8 and XmyoD ventrally and whose restricted expression represents a new element in the molecular pattern of the ventral marginal zone.

PubMed ID: 9428410
Article link: Development

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: acta4 actc1 actl6a bmp4 chrd ctnnb1 frzb gsc myc myod1 nog not post shh sia1 szl tbx2 tbxt tubb2b wnt8a

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