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Genes Cells 2005 Apr 01;104:345-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2005.00838.x.
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Generation of an antibody specific to Xenopus fertilized eggs by subtractive immunization.

Sakakibara K , Sato K , Iwasaki T , Kitamura K , Fukami Y .

Here we report the generation and characterization of a monoclonal antibody, mAb 5H7-G1, which recognizes egg antigens in the animal cortex of fertilized, but not unfertilized, Xenopus eggs. The mAb 5H7-G1 was generated by subtractive immunization of mice: primary immunization with unfertilized egg extract followed by immunosuppression treatment with cyclophosphamide and repeated immunization with fertilized egg extract. In immunoblotting analysis, mAb 5H7-G1 recognizes multiple protein bands of fertilized (but not unfertilized or the ionophore-activated) Xenopus eggs. N-linked polysaccharide is most likely the target of mAb 5H7-G1 because immunoreactivity of mAb 5H7-G1 is effectively diminished when protein samples are treated with N-glycosidase F. Moreover, mAb 5H7-G1 recognizes some, but not all, tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in eggs treated with H2O2, an artificial activator of the egg tyrosine kinase Src, suggesting that these proteins also contain N-linked sugars. When microinjected into fertilized Xenopus embryos, mAb 5H7-G1 causes a retardation or complete inhibition of first cell cleavage, suggesting that the mAb 5H7-G1-reactive antigens play an important role in this event. These results demonstrate that mAb 5H7-G1 is useful to analyze differential proteome display during fertilization and early development. More generally, subtractive immunization may work as a strategy to uncover cellular events that operate during different cellular conditions of interest.

PubMed ID: 15773897
Article link: Genes Cells

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: mbp
GO keywords: fertilization [+]
Antibodies: Fertilized Egg Ab1

Article Images: [+] show captions