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Genome Biol 2012 Jan 23;131:R5. doi: 10.1186/gb-2012-13-1-r5.
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Uberon, an integrative multi-species anatomy ontology.

Mungall CJ , Torniai C , Gkoutos GV , Lewis SE , Haendel MA .

We present Uberon, an integrated cross-species ontology consisting of over 6,500 classes representing a variety of anatomical entities, organized according to traditional anatomical classification criteria. The ontology represents structures in a species-neutral way and includes extensive associations to existing species-centric anatomical ontologies, allowing integration of model organism and human data. Uberon provides a necessary bridge between anatomical structures in different taxa for cross-species inference. It uses novel methods for representing taxonomic variation, and has proved to be essential for translational phenotype analyses. Uberon is available at

PubMed ID: 22293552
PMC ID: PMC3334586
Article link: Genome Biol
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: acta4 mpo

Article Images: [+] show captions
References [+] :
Baldock, EMAP and EMAGE: a framework for understanding spatially organized data. 2003, Pubmed