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Curr Biol 2002 Nov 19;1222:1941-5. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(02)01280-0.
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Lef-1 and Tcf-3 transcription factors mediate tissue-specific Wnt signaling during Xenopus development.

Roël G , Hamilton FS , Gent Y , Bain AA , Destrée O , Hoppler S .

Wnt signaling functions repeatedly during embryonic development to induce different but specific responses. What molecular mechanisms ensure that Wnt signaling triggers the correct tissue-specific response in different tissues? Early Xenopus development is an ideal model for addressing this fundamental question, since there is a dramatic change in the response to Wnt signaling at the onset of zygotic gene transcription: Wnt signaling components encoded by maternal mRNA establish the dorsal embryonic axis; zygotically expressed Xwnt-8 causes almost the opposite, by promoting ventral and lateral and restricting dorsal mesodermal development. Although Wnt signaling can function through different signal transduction cascades, the same beta-catenin-dependent, canonical Wnt signal transduction pathway mediates Wnt signaling at both stages of Xenopus development. Here we show that, while the function of the transcription factor XTcf-3 is required for early Wnt signaling to establish the dorsal embryonic axis, closely related XLef-1 is required for Wnt signaling to pattern the mesoderm after the onset of zygotic transcription. Our results show for the first time that different transcription factors of the Lef/Tcf family function in different tissues to bring about tissue-specific responses downstream of canonical Wnt signaling.

PubMed ID: 12445388
Article link: Curr Biol

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: lef1
Morpholinos: lef1 MO1