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XB-ART-40102
Mol Biol Cell 2009 Oct 01;2019:4246-55. doi: 10.1091/mbc.e09-05-0378.
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Dissection of CENP-C-directed centromere and kinetochore assembly.

Milks KJ , Moree B , Straight AF .


Abstract
Eukaryotic cells ensure accurate chromosome segregation in mitosis by assembling a microtubule-binding site on each chromosome called the kinetochore that attaches to the mitotic spindle. The kinetochore is assembled specifically during mitosis on a specialized region of each chromosome called the centromere, which is constitutively bound by >15 centromere-specific proteins. These proteins, including centromere proteins A and C (CENP-A and -C), are essential for kinetochore assembly and proper chromosome segregation. How the centromere is assembled and how the centromere promotes mitotic kinetochore formation are poorly understood. We have used Xenopus egg extracts as an in vitro system to study the role of CENP-C in centromere and kinetochore assembly. We show that, unlike the histone variant CENP-A, CENP-C is not maintained at centromeres through spermatogenesis but is assembled at the sperm centromere from the egg cytoplasm. Immunodepletion of CENP-C from metaphase egg extract prevents kinetochore formation on sperm chromatin, and depleted extracts can be complemented with in vitro-translated CENP-C. Using this complementation assay, we have identified CENP-C mutants that localized to centromeres but failed to support kinetochore assembly. We find that the amino terminus of CENP-C promotes kinetochore assembly by ensuring proper targeting of the Mis12/MIND complex and CENP-K.

PubMed ID: 19641019
PMC ID: PMC2754938
Article link: Mol Biol Cell
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus laevis
Genes referenced: cenpc
Antibodies: Cenpc1 Ab1

References [+] :
Abrieu, CENP-E as an essential component of the mitotic checkpoint in vitro. 2000, Pubmed, Xenbase