XB-ART-37154Gene Expr Patterns 2008 Apr 01;84:271-4. doi: 10.1016/j.gep.2007.12.002.
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Collectrin/tmem27 is expressed at high levels in all segments of the developing Xenopus pronephric nephron and in the Wolffian duct.
Collectrin/tmem27 encodes a transmembrane protein that plays a critical role in amino-acid transport. Originally described as being expressed only in collecting ducts, it has subsequently also been shown to also be expressed in the S1 segment of the proximal tubule of mammalian metanephric nephrons. In this report we describe the expression of collectrin in the simple embryonic kidney of amphibians, the pronephros. Each pronephros contains a single large nephron with a proximo-distal segmentation very similar to that of mammalian metanephric nephrons. Analysis of collectrin expression in pronephroi at a variety of embryonic stages indicates that this gene is expressed at very high levels throughout the pronephric system, including proximal and distal segments and the Wolffian duct. Expression in the pronephros commences at Xenopus embryonic stage 28 which corresponds to when epithelialization begins within the pronephric mesenchyme. Like the Na+K+ATPase/atp1a1, another highly expressed pronephric marker, collectrin is also expressed in the cloaca but not in the cloacal derived posterior segment of the Wolffian duct, the rectal diverticulum. Unlike the Na+K+ATPase, which is expressed at lower levels in proximal portions of the pronephric nephron, expression of collectrin is even throughout all of the pronephric epithelia. This expression domain extends far beyond that shown to express amino-acid transporters and indicates collectrin may function in facilitating additional transport processes. Its high level of expression and broad distribution make it an excellent marker with which to examine pronephric kidney development.
PubMed ID: 18226983
Article link: Gene Expr Patterns
Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: atp1a1 cltrn slc12a1
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