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Dev Growth Differ 2000 Apr 01;422:95-103. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-169x.2000.00493.x.
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Spatio-temporal expression of Xenopus vasa homolog, XVLG1, in oocytes and embryos: the presence of XVLG1 RNA in somatic cells as well as germline cells.

Ikenishi K , Tanaka TS .

The expression of Xenopus vasa homolog or XVLG1 was examined in oocytes and embryos by whole-mount in situ hybridization and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). To confirm the results in embryos, both methods were also applied to explants of germ plasm-bearing cells (GPBC) from 32-cell embryos and to those of partial embryos deprived of GPBC. By hybridization, XVLG1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) was shown to be present throughout the cytoplasm in oocytes at stages I-III, except for the mitochondrial cloud. It was barely recognizable in a portion of germline cells of embryos at specific stages, notwithstanding that XVLG1 protein was present in those cells almost throughout their life-span. A weak signal for the RNA was detectable in some of the presumptive primordial germ cells (pPGC, descendants of GPBC from the gastrula stage onward) from the late gastrula (stage 12) to the hatching tadpole stage (stage 33/34), and in some of the PGC at stages 49-50. The results for pPGC were confirmed by the hybridization of explants of GPBC at equivalent stages in control embryos. In contrast, XVLG1 RNA was detected in certain somatic cells of embryos until stage 46. These observations were supported in part by the results of RT-PCR for embryos and explants. The possible role of the product of XVLG1 was reconsidered given its presence in both germline and somatic cells.

PubMed ID: 10830432
Article link: Dev Growth Differ

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: actl6a ddx4 gs17 mixer pgc tbx2

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