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XB-ART-21082
J Biol Chem 1994 Jul 01;26926:17677-83.
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Two isoforms of a chloride channel predominantly expressed in thick ascending limb of Henle's loop and collecting ducts of rat kidney.

Adachi S , Uchida S , Ito H , Hata M , Hiroe M , Marumo F , Sasaki S .


Abstract
Complementary DNAs encoding rat kidney chloride channels (ClC-K2L and ClC-K2S) were isolated by a polymerase chain reaction cloning strategy. Degenerate primers were designed based on the significant amino acid identity of the previously cloned chloride channels (ClC-0, -1, -2, and -K1). The 687-amino acid protein encoded by ClC-K2L is about 80% identical to rat ClC-K1 and about 40% identical to ClC-0, -1, and -2. ClC-K2S encodes a 632-amino acid protein in which 55 amino acids containing the putative second membrane-spanning domain of ClC-K2L are deleted. Chloride currents induced by both clones were very similar in terms of inhibitor sensitivity and anion selectivity (Br- > I- > Cl- > cyclamate-). Northern blot with total ClC-K2L as a probe under high stringency revealed its message predominantly in kidney, especially in the outer and inner medulla. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction technique using microdissected nephron segments revealed that the main site of expression of both clones in kidney was the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop and collecting ducts, where the existence of a variety of chloride channels and their importance for maintaining body fluid homeostasis have been demonstrated. These results suggest that ClC-K2L and -K2S are chloride channels in the thick ascending limb and collecting ducts and may be important routes for transcellular chloride transport like ClC-K1.

PubMed ID: 8021279
Article link: J Biol Chem


Genes referenced: uqcc6