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Genes Dev 2007 Feb 15;214:465-80. doi: 10.1101/gad.406007.
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Dickkopf-1 regulates gastrulation movements by coordinated modulation of Wnt/beta catenin and Wnt/PCP activities, through interaction with the Dally-like homolog Knypek.

Caneparo L , Huang YL , Staudt N , Tada M , Ahrendt R , Kazanskaya O , Niehrs C , Houart C .

Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1) is a secreted protein that negatively modulates the Wnt/beta catenin pathway. Lack of Dkk1 function affects head formation in frog and mice, supporting the idea that Dkk1 acts as a "head inducer" during gastrulation. We show here that lack of Dkk1 function accelerates internalization and rostral progression of the mesendoderm and that gain of function slows down both internalization and convergence extension, indicating a novel role for Dkk1 in modulating these movements. The motility phenotype found in the morphants is not observed in embryos in which the Wnt/beta catenin pathway is overactivated, and that dominant-negative Wnt proteins are not able to rescue the gastrulation movement defect induced by absence of Dkk1. These data strongly suggest that Dkk1 is acting in a beta catenin independent fashion when modulating gastrulation movements. We demonstrate that the glypican 4/6 homolog Knypek (Kny) binds to Dkk1 and that they are able to functionally interact in vivo. Moreover, Dkk1 regulation of gastrulation movements is kny dependent. Kny is a component of the Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) pathway. We found that indeed Dkk1 is able to activate this pathway in both Xenopus and zebrafish. Furthermore, concomitant alteration of the beta catenin and PCP activities is able to mimic the morphant accelerated cell motility phenotype. Our data therefore indicate that Dkk1 regulates gastrulation movement through interaction with LRP5/6 and Kny and coordinated modulations of Wnt/beta catenin and Wnt/PCP pathways.

PubMed ID: 17322405
PMC ID: PMC1804334
Article link: Genes Dev
Grant support: [+]

Species referenced: Xenopus
Genes referenced: ctnnb1 dkk1 gpc1 gpc4 lrp5

References [+] :
Ahn, Dynamic changes in the response of cells to positive hedgehog signaling during mouse limb patterning. 2004, Pubmed